Ughtasar

  

Petroglyphs of Ughtasar
Ughtasar is the site of an important archaeological find, a large petroglyph field on top of Mt. Ughtasar (3300 meters above the sea) about 17.5 km NW of Sisian.  The site is reached only by four-wheel drive in good weather only (in July and August). The Ughtasar site is located by a small glacier lake nestled in a rim of an extinct volcano that blew itself out in the Pleistocene period.  The lake can have ice floes year-round and patches of snow in the area never completely melt.  The carvings are found on stones that surround the lake.
The number and development of the carvings suggest this field was used over thousands of years, beginning in the Paleolithic era. 
People from later eras (Chalcolithic and Bronze Age) continued to record their prowess and beliefs on the stones. The largest variety and number of carvings date to this period and the early Iron Age, before it was finally abandoned except for a few carvings made by lonely shepherds spending their summers on the mountain top.
The number and development of the carvings suggest this field was used over thousands of years, beginning in the Paleolithic era.
 The rudimentary carvings are amazingly perceptive, recounting origin myths and tribal traditions, emotions, beliefs, defeats and victories of the ancestors.  Most images depict men in scenes of hunting and fighting, cultivating land, competing and dancing. 
 There are numerous cosmic symbols, including one for the zodiacal sign Aries and rudimentary calendars carved like wheels for dividing time by using a cross and four circles for the seasons.  Geographic elements are also featured: rivers, lakes, springs etc., followed by astronomical bodies and phenomena: the Sun, the Moon, stars, stellar constellations and starry sky, comet, and lightning.  
Among the more complex carvings are what some say are among the earliest depictions of dance in the ancient world; scenes of ceremonial dance with two or more figures.  Others show figures performing, perhaps relating a famous fight or hunt, or depicting the figures as communal leaders.
Other scenes are social in nature, depicting moments revolving around the central figure's place in society, or performing ritual acts. This is the center of special bioenergy. In Armenian «Ukhtasar» means alliance with Orion.