Yerevan

 

Yerevan is the capital of Armenian and one of the most ancient cities of the world. Shengavit, Tsitsernakaberd, Arin-Berd and Karmir Blur are the oldest settlements in the territory of Yerevan. The caves of Hrazdan and Avan gorges have been inhabited since the dawn of humanity. During excavation in Shengavit a lot of subjects related to the culture of IV– II millennium BC were discovered: silver and gold jewelry, gold and bronze tips, bronze and stone tools. Tombs, remains of cyclopean masonry, jewelry, ceramics in the form of different varieties of wheat and a lot of other artifacts were found in Tsitsarnakaberd. The Armenian kingdom of Van - Urartu, or Biainili, was formed in the 9th century B.C. in the basin of Lake Van in the Armenian Highlands. The king Arameh was the founder of the state. The kingdom of Van was one of the most developed states of its age. The Armenian kingdom of Van - Urartu, or Biainili, was formed in the 9th century B.C. in the basin of Lake Van in the Armenian Highlands. The king Arameh was the founder of the state. The kingdom of Van was one of the most developed states of its age.
 
Erebuni-Yerevan is 2795. In the 5th year of his reign the king Argishti the First built it as a town-fortress. Soldiers, 6600 in number, were the first dwellers of the town. Cuneiform record left by Argishti the First tell the following: "In the greatness of the god Khald, Argishti, Menua’s son, has built this impregnable fortress and called it Erebuni for the power of the country of Biaini and to enemies’ horror. Argisti says... The land was unpopulated, and here I have done great work. In the greatness of the god Khald, Argishti, Menua’s son, powerful king, the king of the country of Biaini, the ruler of the city of Tushpa".
This remained historical record gave an opportunity to scientists to make more accurate the date of birth of Yerevan - 782 B.C. Erebuni-Yerevan was founded 29 years earlier than Rome and has about the same age as Babylon, Nineveh and Persepolis, but unlike them it has become one of prosperous cities of the 21st century. In the course of the time the city name has undergone phonetic changes becoming Yerevan (Erebuni-Erevuni-Erivan-Yerevan).
During the course of centuries the town had an important role in the economic, social and political life of Armenia. Many caravan routes passed trough that big trade center. Archeological excavations indicate that Erebuni was a big administrative center most powerful in Ararat valley. During centuries the town stayed firm though it underwent many trials and tribulations. The city endured numerous raids of Assyrians, Romans, Byzantines, Persians, Arabs, Seljuks, Mongols and Turks, but the people continued to create resisting all miseries. A culture was created with valuable culture and developed sciences.
On May 28, 1918 Yerevan was declared as the capital of the Republic of Armenia, and on November 29, 1920 - as the capital of Soviet Armenia.
 
Yerevan was the first city in the Soviet Union, for which a General Plan was developed. The General Plan developed by the academician Alexander Tamanyan was approved in 1924: it was designed for 150000. In the course of time the administrative area of the city increased 5 times. Construction of Yerevan started: it was built by basalt, granite and marble. The most widely used construction material was rosy tuff. Since this construction material gave a unique vividness and specific tint to the city, Yerevan was called "Rosy city". During next 70 years the area of the city was enlarged even more.
On September 21, 1921 Yerevan became not only a capital of the independent Republic of Armenia, but also of all Armenian people spread all over the world.

Today Yerevan is a beautiful modern city with ancient culture and rich traditions. And if you got tired during the day visiting museums and monuments, you could relax in the evening in incredibly colorful restaurants, cafes and night clubs, where you will find gourmet cuisine, refined aroma of Armenian brandies and wines, amazingly delicious Armenian fruits and unique Armenian music.

Museum of History

The National Museum of History of Armenia, formerly the State Museum of History of Armenia, is Armenia's main History museum located in Yerevan. It was founded in 1921 along with the Art Gallery of Armenia, with which it shares the building of the museum complex in the Republic Square. The National History Museum occupies the two lower floors of the complex.

The exposition is divided into several sections: Archaeological, Ethnographic, Department of Numismatics, Department of History of Architecture and Department of Modern and Contemporary History of Armenia. The exhibits include artifacts from the Stone Age to the end of XIX century, found in the territory of Armenia.


Yerevan Brandy Factory
ARARAT Brandies are truly considered to be one of the national symbols of Armenia.
Thanks to the unique climate of Armenia, in particular, the Ararat valley, situated at 700 m above sea level and enjoying an average of 300 sunny days a year, the grapes have maximum aroma and sugar concentration. Also, in the Ararat valley there are over 30 types of soil and crystal clear spring water, as a result even a single grape variety can have multiple flavours. That’s why ARARAT cognacs are distinguished by being diverse and having wider range of taste than other brandies. They have deep amber color, rich aroma, rich taste with velvety texture and long finish. The original double distillation method, patented by Yerevan Brandy Factory, allowing passing all of the unique features of Armenian grapes along into the brandy spirits, also contributes to this. Aging of cognac (at least 3 years) occurs in barrels made of the oak growing in Armenia. Due to its dense rose-tinted structure Caucasian oak gives the brandies a natural flavor of vanilla, chocolate and dried fruits. And thus was born a unique and inimitable bouquet of ARARAT Brandies. The first guild merchant Nerses Tairyants founded brandy production in Armenia in 1887. In 1877 he built the first Armenian wine and brandy distillery in the territory of the former Yerevan Fortress. Later, in 1899 it was sold to the Russian manufacturer Nikolay Shustov. In 1900 Shustov presented their products at the exhibition in Paris, where Armenian brandy received the Grand Prix. As a sign of respect to the quality of the product they made an exception and granted him the privilege to put the word ‘cognac’ on his labels instead of ‘brandy’, as it should naturally be for the spirits made of grapes not growing in the province of Cognac . This was the beginning of a victorious campaign. But the Armenian product received its highest recognition, when “Shustov and his Sons” company was honored to be appointed as one of the suppliers of His Imperial Majesty’s court among other 30 local and foreign entrepreneurs.
Many prominent people, such as Sir Winston Churchill, were fans of Armenian cognac. Stalin personally controlled supplies of Armenian ‘Dvin’ cognac to the British Prime Minister’s table regularly. When aged Churchill was asked what the secret of his longevity was, he answered without hesitation: "Never be late for dinner, smoke Hawaiian cigars and drink Armenian cognac!"
Since 1998, the Yerevan Brandy Factory became a part of the French Pernod Ricard group. From the very beginning to the present day Armenian brandies have been awarded numerous international prizes and medals, which is the evidence of continuity of rich traditions and the highest quality of the product.
Yerevan Brandy Factory is a perfect place, where you can learn on-site the details of brandy production techniques and taste this legendary drink.