Ancient observatory located near Sisian, Syunik Province, Armenia. Many historians believe there is a connection between the Armenian and British Monuments. And one very important thing to note is the relative dating of both monuments – the Armenian Karahunj dates to 7500-12000 years, while the British Stonehenge has a history of only 4000-5000 years. The Karahunj site is on latitude of 39° 34' and longitude of 46° 01' on the mountain plateau having altitude 1770 m and occupies a territory of about 7 hectare on the left side of the Dar river canyon, the tributary of the river Vorotan (at 2 km).
The name Karahunj is interpreted as deriving from two Armenian words: car (or kar), meaning stone, and hunge or hoonch, meaning sound. Thus the name Karahunj means Speaking Stones. Karahunj is also known in local lore as Zorats Karer Dik-dik Karer, and Tsits Karer, meaning Vertical Stones in vernacular Armenian.
The Karahunj Monument consists of the following parts: the central circle, the north arm, the south arm, N-E alley, the chord (crossing the circle) and separate standing stones.
The site is rich with stone settings, burial cysts and standing stones - Menhirs. In total registered 223 stones.
The heights of the stones range from 0.5 to 3 m (above ground) and weight up to 10 tons. They are basalt (andesit) stones, eroded by time and covered with moss and lichen of many colors. The inside surface of holes preserved much better. There are also many broken and unnumbered stones.
About 80 of the stones feature a circular hole, although only 37 of the stones, with 47 holes, are still standing.
They have been of interest to Russian and Armenian archaeo-astronomers who have suggested that the standing stones could have been used for astronomical observation. Seventeen of the stones were associated with observations of sunrise or sunset at the solstices and equinoxes, and 14 with the lunar extremes.
Investigation by radio physicist Paris Herouni and his research team during 1994-2001 concluded that Karahunj is the world's oldest astronomical observatory.
Here we noticed geomagnetic anomaly. From here was always watched the Orion belt.